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padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto; visibility: visible;"><section data-v-13cada06="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: inline-block; width: auto; align-self: flex-start; vertical-align: top; background-color: rgb(235, 118, 89); border-top-left-radius: 50%; border-top-right-radius: 50%; border-bottom-right-radius: 50%; border-bottom-left-radius: 50%; visibility: visible;"><section data-cell-type="text" tabindex="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 2em; height: 2em; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-size: 15px; letter-spacing: 2px; line-height: 2; visibility: visible;"><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em; visibility: visible;">01</p></section></section></section></section></section><section data-tid="vid_mcicxdh61mzi0eb" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto; visibility: visible;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 6px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto; visibility: visible;"><section data-cell-type="text" tabindex="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(236, 124, 97); font-size: 15px; line-height: 1.6; visibility: visible;"><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em; visibility: visible;">无äh机带火“科技ž®é‡‘属â€?/p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; visibility: visible; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); visibility: visible;">无äh机需求快速增长,锗ä­h站上历史高位ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; visibility: visible; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); visibility: visible;">˜q‘期åQŒå›½å†…锗市场情çÈA较äؓ高涨åQŒå¸‚场报ä»ähŽ¥˜qžä¸Šè°ƒï¼Œ6月以来ä­h格步入上涨通道åQŒä¸ªåˆ«åŽ‚商报价已冲至14000å…?千克附近åQŒå°‘扚w‡æˆäº¤ä»äh ¼é›†ä¸­åœ?2000å…?千克~13000å…?千克ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">多年来,锗ä­h难以½Hç ´ä¸‡å…ƒå…›_£ã€‚对äº?月以来锗ä»äh ¼çš„持¾l­ä¸ŠæŽ¢ï¼Œä¸­å›½æœ‰è‰²é‡‘属协会铟铋锗分会分析表½Cºï¼Œä¸€æ–šw¢æ˜¯æ— äººæœºå¸¦æ¥çš„新需求,另一斚w¢ä¹Ÿæ˜¯åŽŸæ–™ç«¯çš„供应格局åQŒä¸¤æ–¹å› ç´ å…±åŒåª„响导致锗仯‚µ°é«˜ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">从供应端看,锗是铅锌矿副产品之一。环保压力下åQŒé“…锌冶炼厂减停产间接导致锗原料紧张åQŒæ­¤å‰è™½æœ‰æ–°åŽŸæ–™è¡¥å…¥å¸‚场åQŒä½†ä»éš¾ä»¥ç¼“解市场整体原料紧张的格局åQŒå› æ­¤æŒ¾l­åŠ©æŽ¨é”—仯‚µ°åŠÑ€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">从需求端看,地缘冲突使得搭蝲锗红外光学器件的无äh机需求快速增长,弥补此前疫情¾U¢å¤–‹¹‹æ¸©ä»ªéœ€æ±‚。近期红外光学器件用户集中采购,在市åœÞZ¸ŠæŠ¢è´­åŒºç†”é”—é”­åQŒä‹É得本ž®×ƒ¾›åº”偏紧的市场åQŒæ„ˆå‘紧张ã€?月下旬以来,市场出现惜售åQŒé”—锭及二氧化锗ä»äh ¼åº”声上涨ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">除无人机领域外,镓、诸是半å¯ég½“关键金属åQŒå®ƒä»¬ä¹Ÿéƒ½æ˜¯æˆ˜ç•¥æ€§ç”µå­ææ–™ã€‚因为它们属于第四代半导体材料,相比前几代在光谱相应范围和迁¿UȝŽ‡ä¸Šéƒ½æœ‰æ¯”较大的优åŠÑ€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">æ ÒŽ®å…¬å¼€èµ„æ–™åQŒæˆ‘国金属镓的消贚w¢†åŸŸåŒ…括半å¯ég½“和光甉|æ–™ã€å¤ªé˜Œ™ƒ½ç”‰|± ã€åˆé‡‘、医疗器械、磁性材料等åQŒå…¶ä¸­åŠå¯ég½“行业已成为镓最大的消费领域åQŒçº¦å æ€ÀL¶ˆè´šw‡çš?0%ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">而锗也是重要的半å¯ég½“材料åQŒåœ¨åŠå¯¼ä½“、航½Iø™ˆªå¤©æµ‹æŽ§ã€æ ¸ç‰©ç†æŽ¢æµ‹ã€å…‰¾U¤é€šè®¯ã€çº¢å¤–光学、太阌™ƒ½ç”‰|± ã€åŒ–学催化剂、生物医学等领域都有òq¿æ³›è€Œé‡è¦çš„应用ã€?/span></p><section powered-by="「iPaiban editor」n.ipaiban.com" style="margin: 0px 0px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; background-size: cover; font-size: 16px; line-height: 1.6; background-position: 50% 50%; background-repeat: repeat; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 5px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-tid="vid_3k2n52pvkaywdkq" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="reguler" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; width: 677px;"><section data-tid="vid_lbk6tuycufefv1w" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="layout" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-v-13cada06="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: inline-block; width: auto; align-self: flex-start; vertical-align: top; background-color: rgb(235, 118, 89); border-top-left-radius: 50%; border-top-right-radius: 50%; border-bottom-right-radius: 50%; border-bottom-left-radius: 50%;"><section data-cell-type="text" tabindex="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 2em; height: 2em; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-size: 15px; letter-spacing: 2px; line-height: 2;"><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em;">02</p></section></section></section></section></section><section data-tid="vid_mcicxdh61mzi0eb" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 6px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="text" tabindex="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(236, 124, 97); font-size: 15px; line-height: 1.6;"><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em;">¾ŸŽå›½å‚¨é‡½W¬ä¸€å´ä¸å¼€é‡?/p><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em;">我国全球供给­‘…å…­æˆ?/p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">需要注意的是锗难以独立成矿åQŒå¸¸ä»¥åŒ–合物形式存在于闪锌矿、硫砷铜çŸÑ€é“¶é“…、铁矿及煤矿中ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">全球原生锗主要来自锌冶炼的副产品、独立锗矿床、含锗褐煤提取。除原生锗以外,再生é”?从含锗废料中回收的锗金属)也是锗行业的重要原料来源åQŒä½†åŽŸæ–™ä¾›åº”和生产技术方面都存在不确定性,产量不稳定ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">目前全球锗资源稀¾~ÞZ¸”集中度较高,<span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">全球锗储量以¾ŸŽå›½(45%)和中å›?41%)ä¸ÞZ¸»ã€?/span>据华¾läñ”业研½I‰™™¢åQŒæˆªè‡?2 òq?3 月全球已探明锗资源保有储量约ä¸?8600 t。按锗储量排名依‹Æ¡äؓ¾ŸŽå›½3870t、中å›?3500t、俄¾|—æ–¯ 860 tåQŒåˆ†åˆ«å æ¯”约 45%ã€?1%ä¸?10%ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">国内主要分布在云南、内蒙古、广东、贵州、四川等地。其中,¾ŸŽå›½è™½ç„¶æ˜¯å…¨çƒé”—资源储量最大的国家åQŒä½†è‡?984òq´å°±ž®†é”—作äؓ国防储备资源˜q›è¡Œä¿æŠ¤åQŒå°¤å…¶æ˜¯˜q‘几òq´å·²åŸºæœ¬ä¸å†˜q›è¡Œé”—的开采。从锗äñ”量来看,2013òq´ä»¥æ¥ï¼Œ<span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">中国锗äñ”量全球占比基本保持在60%以上åQŒæˆä¸ºå…¨çƒé‡è¦é”—供应国ã€?/span></span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">作äؓ一¿Ué‡è¦çš„战略金属资源åQŒé”—受到了各国的高度重视。美国、欧盟、英国等国家都将锗列入了关键矿äñ”或紧¾~ºçŸ¿äº§çš„目录åQŒå¯¹é”—进行了½Ž¡æŽ§å’Œå‚¨å¤‡ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">¾ŸŽå›½æ˜¯æœ€æ—©å¯¹é”—进行保护的国家之一ã€?/span></span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">早在1984òqß_¼Œ¾ŸŽå›½ž®±å°†é”—列入国防储备进行保护,åˆîCº†2018òqß_¼Œåˆå°†é”—列å…?5¿Uå…³é”®çŸ¿äº§ç›®å½•ä¸­ã€‚所以近òq´æ¥åQ?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">¾ŸŽå›½å·²ç»ä¸å†˜q›è¡Œé”—的开采了åQŒè€Œæ˜¯å¤§é‡ä¾èµ–˜q›å£åQŒå…¶ä¸?8%的锗金属都是从中国进口ã€?/span></span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">中国虽然是全球最大的锗生产国和出口国åQŒä½†òq¶æ²¡æœ‰å¯¹é”—进行类似的½Ž¡æŽ§å’Œå‚¨å¤‡ã€?016òqß_¼Œå›½åœŸèµ„源部也曑֏‘布公告,ž®†çŸ³æ²V€å¤©ç„¶æ°”½{?4¿Ué‡è¦èµ„源列入战略性矿产目录,但金属锗òq¶ä¸åœ¨å…¶ä¸­ã€‚因此,中国每年都有大量的锗出口到美国、å¯d国、加拿大½{‰å›½å®Óž¼Œæ˜¯å…¨çƒæœ€ä¸»è¦çš„锗供应商ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">˜q™æ ·çš„ä¾›¾l™æƒ…况,其实同稀土有一些相ä¼ég¹‹å¤„ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">值得注意的是åQŒç”±äºŽé”—在现代高新技术领域和国防å»ø™®¾ä¸­çš„重要性,西方发达国家均从¾l´æŠ¤å›½å®¶å®‰å…¨å’Œç»‹¹Žå®‰å…¨çš„高度出发åQŒå¾ç«‹äº†æ¯”较完善的出口和战略储备½Ž¡ç†ä½“ç³»ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">而随着全球半导体科技领域竞争日趋‹È€çƒˆï¼Œæˆ‘国商务部、æ“vå…Ïx€ÈÖv于去òq?月发布《关于对镓、锗相关物项实施出口½Ž¡åˆ¶çš„公告》,军_®šå¯šw•“、锗相关物项实施出口½Ž¡åˆ¶ã€‚其中包含金属镓、æÛ化镓(包括但不限于芯片¾_‰æœ«ã€ç¢Žæ–™ç­‰å½¢æ€?、砷化镓(包括但不限于多晶、单晶、芯片、外延片、粉末、碎料等形æ€?及金属锗、区熔锗锭、锗外åšg生长衬底½{‰ï¼Œå‡ºå£å•†å¦‚果想开始或¾l§ç®‹å‡ºå£åQŒå°†éœ€è¦å‘中国商务部申误‚®¸å¯è¯åQŒåƈ需要报告æ“v外买家及其申è¯ïLš„详细信息ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">长期来看åQŒé”—和镓的化合物是重要的半导体材料,半导体行业金属镓消费量约占其æ€ÀL¶ˆè´šw‡çš?80%-85%(长江有色金属¾|‘æ•°æ?;据美国地质调查局 USGS 数据昄¡¤ºåQŒä»Žå…¨çƒäº§é‡åˆ†å¸ƒæ¥çœ‹åQŒä¸­å›½çš„安™”—金属产量占比最高,分别高达 90%ã€?8%åQŒäؓ保障国家重要战略资源的安全性,未来我国镓、锗的出口配额或ž®†é™ä½Žï¼Œå›½å†…或将加速推˜q›é«˜æ€§èƒ½åŠå¯¼ä½“材料的自主研发生äñ”˜q›ç¨‹ã€?/span></p><section powered-by="「iPaiban editor」n.ipaiban.com" style="margin: 0px 0px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; background-size: cover; font-size: 16px; line-height: 1.6; background-position: 50% 50%; background-repeat: repeat; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 5px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-tid="vid_3k2n52pvkaywdkq" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="reguler" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; width: 677px;"><section data-tid="vid_lbk6tuycufefv1w" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="layout" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-v-13cada06="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: inline-block; width: auto; align-self: flex-start; vertical-align: top; background-color: rgb(235, 118, 89); border-top-left-radius: 50%; border-top-right-radius: 50%; border-bottom-right-radius: 50%; border-bottom-left-radius: 50%;"><section data-cell-type="text" tabindex="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 2em; height: 2em; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-size: 15px; letter-spacing: 2px; line-height: 2;"><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em;">03</p></section></section></section></section></section><section data-tid="vid_mcicxdh61mzi0eb" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 6px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="text" tabindex="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(236, 124, 97); font-size: 15px; line-height: 1.6;"><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em;">推动½W¬å››ä»£åŠå¯ég½“落地</p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">半导体材料行业是半导体äñ”业链中细分领域最多的产业铄¡Ž¯èŠ‚,æ ÒŽ®SEMI的分¾cÖM¸Žæ•°æ®åQŒæ™¶åœ†åˆ¶é€ ææ–™åŒ…括硅片、光掩膜、光刻胶及辅助材料、工艺化学品、电子特气、抛光液和抛光垫、靶材及其他材料åQŒå°è£…材料包括引¾U¿æ¡†æž¶ã€å°è£…基æÑ€é™¶ç“·åŸºæÑ€é”®åˆä¸ã€åŒ…ž®ææ–™ã€èŠ¯ç‰‡ç²˜¾l“材料及其他ž®è£…材料åQŒæ¯ä¸€å¤§ç±»ææ–™åˆåŒ…括几十种甚至上百¿Uå…·ä½“äñ”品,¾l†åˆ†å­è¡Œä¸šå¤šè¾¾ä¸Šç™¾ä¸ªã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-size-adjust: auto; text-align: center; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; letter-spacing: 0.034em; text-align: justify; color: rgb(136, 136, 136);">半导体材料成本拆åˆ?/span></span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">¼‹…片及其他衬底材料是半导体芯片的关键底层材料。从芯片的制造流½E‹æ¥çœ‹ï¼Œéœ€è¦çš„步骤包括生äñ”晶圆、氧化、光刅R€åˆ»èš€ã€è–„膜沉¿U¯ã€äº’˜qžã€æµ‹è¯•ã€å°è£…等。以¼‹…片半导体äؓ例,自然界中¼‹…砂很多åQŒä½†¼‹…砂中包含的杂质太多åQŒéœ€è¦è¿›è¡Œæç‚¼åŽä½¿ç”¨ã€‚将提炼后得到的高纯¼‹…熔化成液体åQŒå†åˆ©ç”¨ææ‹‰æ³•å¾—到原子排列整齐的晉™”­åQŒå†ž®†å…¶åˆ‡å‰²æˆä¸€å®šåŽšåº¦çš„薄片åQŒåˆ‡å‰²åŽèŽ·å¾—的薄片便是未¾låŠ å·¥çš„“原料晶圆”ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">衬底环节是金属材料在半导体器件中的关键环èŠ?所谓衬底即是一¿Uç”¨äºŽåˆ¶é€ åŠå¯ég½“器äšg的材料基底,常见的衬底包括硅、锗、碳化硅½{‰ã€‚在生äñ”半导体芯片的工艺‹¹ç¨‹ä¸?晶圆生äñ”通常为第一道工åº?而晶圆便是由衬底材料切割而来ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-size-adjust: auto; text-align: center; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(136, 136, 136);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; font-size: 15px; letter-spacing: 0.034em; text-align: justify; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">半导体全工艺‹¹ç¨‹æ¶‰åŠé‡‘属环节介绍</span></span></span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">从半å¯ég½“的发展历史看åQŒåŠå¯ég½“衬底材料¾låŽ†äº†ä¸‰ä»£çš„æ›´æ–°˜q­ä»£åQŒåƈ正在向着½W¬å››ä»£ææ–™ç¨³æ­¥è¿ˆ˜q›ã€‚å…¶ä¸?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">½W¬ä¸€ä»£åŠå¯ég½“材料</span>以锗(Ge)和硅(Si)ä¸ÞZ¸»åQŒå…¶ä¸­é”—目前半导体应用较ž®‘,而硅仍是目前最ä¸ÀLµçš„半å¯ég½“衬底材料ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">½W¬äºŒä»£åŠå¯ég½“</span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">材料</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">以砷化镓(GaAs)、磷化铟(InP)ã€?锑化é“?InSb)和硫化镉(CdS)½{?I-V族化合物材料ä¸ÞZ¸»,ç”׃ºŽåŒ–合物半å¯ég½“的宽¼›å¸¦ä¼˜åŠ¿ä»¥åŠä¸‹æ¸¸åº”用领域的进一步发展,砷化镓与¼‚·åŒ–铟未来的使用量将提升ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">½W¬ä¸‰ä»£åŠå¯ég½“材料</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">则是以碳化硅(SiC)、æÛ化镓(GaN)、氧化锌(Zn0)和æÛ化铝(AIN)½{‰äؓ代表的宽¼›å¸¦(¼›å¸¦å®½åº¦å¤§äºŽ 2.2eV)半导体材料,其中¼„›_Œ–¼‹…与氮化镓备受关注。而第四代半导体材料主要包括æÛ化铝(AIN)、金刚石、氧化镓(Ga,0:),它们被称ä¸ø™¶…宽禁带半å¯ég½“材料åQŒç›®å‰å°šå¤„于èµäh­¥é˜¶æ®µã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 0px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-size-adjust: auto; text-align: center; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(136, 136, 136);"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; font-size: 15px; letter-spacing: 0.034em; text-align: justify; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;">半导体衬底材料更新è„Pä»?/span></span></span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">从四代半å¯ég½“的性能参数å¯ÒŽ¯”看,<span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">½W¬ä¸€ä»£åŠå¯ég½“</span>表现å‡ø™¾ƒä½Žçš„¼›å¸¦å®½åº¦ã€ä»‹ç”µå¸¸æ•îC»¥åŠå‡»½I¿ç”µåœºï¼Œå…¶ä¼˜åŠ¿åœ¨äºŽä½Žå»‰çš„成本以及成熟的工艺,因此更加适应低压、低频、低温的工况ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">½W¬äºŒä»£åŠå¯ég½“材料</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">å…ähœ‰å‘光效率高、电子迁¿UȝŽ‡é«˜ã€é€‚于在较高温度和其它条äšg恶劣的环境中工作½{‰ç‰¹ç‚¹ï¼ŒåŒæ—¶å·¥è‰ºè¾ƒç¬¬ä¸‰ä»£åŠå¯¼ä½“材料更为成熟,主要被用来制作发光电子、高频、高速以及大功率器äšgåQŒåœ¨åˆ¶ä½œé«˜æ€§èƒ½å¾®æ‡L、毫¾cÏx‡L器äšg斚w¢æ˜¯ç»ä½³çš„材料ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">½W¬ä¸‰ä»£åŠå¯ég½“材料</span></span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">随着æ™ø™ƒ½æ—¶ä»£çš„来临而备受青睐,¼›å¸¦å®½åº¦æ˜Žæ˜¾å¢žåŠ åQŒå‡»½I¿ç”µåŽ‹è¾ƒé«˜ï¼ŒæŠ—辐ž®„性强åQŒç”µå­é¥±å’Œé€ŸçŽ‡ã€çƒ­å¯¼çŽ‡éƒ½å¾ˆé«˜ã€‚基于上˜q°ç‰¹æ€§ç¬¬ä¸‰ä»£åŠå¯¼ä½“材料不仅能够在高压、高频的条äšg下稳定运行,˜q˜å¯åœ¨è¾ƒé«˜çš„温度环境下保持良好的˜qè¡ŒçŠ¶æ€ï¼Œòq¶ä¸”电能消耗更ž®‘,˜qè¡Œæ•ˆçŽ‡æ›´é«˜ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">è€?span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;">½W¬å››ä»£åŠå¯ég½“材料</span>昄¡¤ºå‡ºæœ€å¤§çš„优势便是其更宽的¼›å¸¦å®½åº¦,因此其更适合应用于小ž®ºå¯¸ã€é«˜åŠŸçŽ‡å¯†åº¦çš„半å¯ég½“器äšgã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">目前锗在电子/半导体领域的应用仅限于少数特ŒDŠçš„¼‹…é”—(SiGe)器äšgåQŒå°½½Ž¡è¿™¿UåŒ–合物的蝲‹¹å­˜qç§»çŽ‡èƒ½è¾‘Öˆ°æ ‡å‡†¼‹…的两到三倍,但仍然不是主‹¹å·¥è‰ºã€‚目前仍然可以从部分供应商那里买到锗单晶的晶体管åQŒä½†å®ƒä»¬çš„量极少åQŒè¿œä¸æ˜¯ä¸ÀLµäº§å“ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">锗现在的主要应用是光学系¾lŸï¼Œå› äؓ它对8è‡?4微米热æ‡LŒD늚„¾U¢å¤–光是相对透明的,˜q™ä‹É得它很适合用于镜头¾pȝ»Ÿå’Œçƒ­æˆåƒ¾pȝ»Ÿä¸­çš„光学½H—口。根据Exactitude Consultancy 的数据,2022 òq´é”—金属下游需求中åQŒå…‰¾U¤é¢†åŸŸå’Œ¾U¢å¤–领域占比最大,分别辑ֈ° 36%ä¸?24%ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">æ€ÖM½“而言åQŒåŠå¯ég½“材料可以分äؓ前道刉™€ ææ–™ä¸ŽåŽé“ž®è£…材料。其中前道制造材料的衬底、外延环节,涉及锗、镓、铟åQ›é¶æçŽ¯èŠ‚,涉及钽、铜åQ›ç”µå­ç‰¹æ°”涉及钨åQ›æŽ©è†œç‰ˆæ¶‰åŠé“¬ï¼›ç”µé•€æ¶²æ¶‰åŠé“œåQ›é«˜ K 材料涉及铪。后道封装材料中åQŒé”®åˆä¸çŽ¯èŠ‚涉及金属金、银、铜åQ›å¼•¾U¿æ¡†æž¶çŽ¯èŠ‚涉及铜åQ›å°è£…焊料环节涉及金属锡åQ›å…ˆ˜q›å°è£…GMC 环节涉及 Low-‚Î球硅/球铝åQŒâ€œç§‘技ž®é‡‘属”可以说是在半导体äñ”业各个环节都发挥着重要作用ã€?/span></p><section powered-by="「iPaiban editor」n.ipaiban.com" style="margin: 0px 0px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; background-size: cover; font-size: 16px; line-height: 1.6; background-position: 50% 50%; background-repeat: repeat; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><section style="margin: 0px 0px 5px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important;"><section data-tid="vid_3k2n52pvkaywdkq" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: flex; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="reguler" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; text-align: center; width: 677px;"><section data-tid="vid_lbk6tuycufefv1w" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="layout" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-v-13cada06="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; display: inline-block; width: auto; align-self: flex-start; vertical-align: top; background-color: rgb(235, 118, 89); border-top-left-radius: 50%; border-top-right-radius: 50%; border-bottom-right-radius: 50%; border-bottom-left-radius: 50%;"><section data-cell-type="text" tabindex="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: 2em; height: 2em; color: rgb(255, 255, 255); font-size: 15px; letter-spacing: 2px; line-height: 2;"><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em;">04</p></section></section></section></section></section><section data-tid="vid_mcicxdh61mzi0eb" data-oid="787" powered-by="iPaiban图文¾~–辑å™? draggable="" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-link="""" style="margin: 6px 0px 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto;"><section data-cell-type="text" tabindex="0" style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; width: auto; font-weight: bold; color: rgb(236, 124, 97); font-size: 15px; line-height: 1.6;"><p style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; clear: both; min-height: 1em;">我国星链计划˜q›ä¸€æ­¥æŽ¨åŠ¨åˆšéœ€</p></section></section></section></section></section></section></section></section><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); font-size: 15px; letter-spacing: 0.034em;">太阳能电池领åŸ?多结砷化镓锗甉|± æ•ˆçŽ‡ä¼˜å¼‚åQŒæˆ‘国星链计划有望äؓ太阳能锗需求带来快速增é•Ñ€?/span><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);"></span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">砷化镓是典型的III-V族半å¯ég½“、直接带隙材料。其带隙接近太阳能谱峰å€?且光吸收¾pÀL•°é«˜ï¼Œæˆäؓ良好的化合物½Iºé—´å¤ªé˜³ç”‰|± åˆ¶å¤‡ææ–™ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">最初砷化镓甉|± ä¸ºåŒè´¨ç»“,但由于砷化镓同质¾l“材料的机械强度较低、易¼„Žå¯†åº¦å¤§ã€é‡é‡å¤§åQŒéš¾ä»¥å®žçŽ°æµ…¾l“,不能满èƒö½Iºé—´ç”‰|ºçš„应用ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">锗单晶做衬底及气相外延技术的发展大大提高太阳能电池效率。据高欢‹Æ¢æ‰€è‘—《砷化镓½Iºé—´å¤ªé˜³ç”‰|± ç”?4 英寸低位错锗单晶的研制ã€?¾ŸŽå›½ ASEC 公司提出用气相外延生长技术制å¤?GaAs/Ge 异质¾l“太阌™ƒ½ç”‰|± åQŒç”¨æœºæ¢°å¼ºåº¦æ›´é«˜ã€æˆæœ¬æ›´ä½Žçš„锗单晶作ä¸ø™¡¬åº•ç‰‡ã€‚随着气相外åšg技术的发展åQŒå¤§å¤§æé«˜äº†ç”‰|± çš„è{换效率,在空间电源领域得到广泛的应用ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">未来多结砷化镓电池是研究方向åQŒæ•ˆçŽ‡è¶…˜q?0%åQŒé”™ä½œäؓ重要的衬底材料不可或¾~ºã€‚据高欢‹Æ¢æ‰€è‘—《砷化镓½Iºé—´å¤ªé˜³ç”‰|± ç”?4 英寸低位错锗单晶的研制ã€?009 òq´ç¾Žå›½å…‰è°±å®žéªŒå®¤åˆ©ç”¨é«˜å€èšå…‰æŠ€æœ¯ç ”制出效率ä¸?41.6%的三¾l“太阌™ƒ½ç”‰|± :2014òqß_¼Œå›½å†…的天‹z¥ä¸‰å®‰å…‰ç”µå…¬å¸æˆåŠŸç ”发了 GalnP/GalnAs/Ge 高倍聚光太阳电池,效率也超˜q?40%。SolarJunction使用电子束外延技术研åˆ?å‡ÞZº† GalnP/inGaAs/InGaNAs/Ge 四结太阳能电池,1000 倍聚光下转换效率ä¸?43%ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">而在需求方面,我国星链计划˜qœå¤§åQŒæœªæ¥ç©ºé—´çº¦25000 颗。我å›?GW 星链计划规划发射卫星æ•?2992 颗,我国 G60 星链计划规划发射卫星æ•?2000多颗ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">GW 星链å’?G60 星链åˆ?2027 òq´é¢„计拉动太阌™ƒ½ç”‰|± ç”¨é”—需求达 76.08 吨。假è®?GW 星链åœ?2027 òq´å‰å‘射完毕,24ã€?5ã€?6ã€?7 分别发射æ€Õd«æ˜Ÿæ•°çš?10%ã€?0%ã€?0%ã€?0%åQŒG60星链åœ?2028 òq´å‰å‘射完毕åQ?024ã€?025ã€?026ã€?027ã€?028òq´åˆ†åˆ«å‘ž®„卫星æ€ÀL•°çš?5%ã€?0%ã€?0%ã€?0%ã€?5%;参è€?QYresearchåQŒå‡è®?GW、G60 星åñ”中砷化镓甉|± æ¸—透率 95%:æ ÒŽ®ã€Šé”—在太阌™ƒ½ç”‰|± ä¸­çš„应用》分析,每个卫星需要用锗片 6000-15000 片,我们谨慎假设锗片直径 50.8mmåQŒé”—厚度140 微米。则最¾lˆæµ‹½Ž—到2027òq´GW å’?G60 星链预计拉动太阳能用锗需求达76.08 吨,å…ähœ‰æžäؓ重要的地位ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">同时åQŒå…‰¾U¤æ˜¯é”—的另一主要应用领域。近òq´æ¥å¾—益于国家政½{–的支持å’?5G 技术的应用与发展,光纤领域发展˜q…速,需求量极大上升ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">错在光纤应用主要是通过四氯化错的åŞ式应用于光纤预制‹‚’,光纤预制‹‚’成品质量对光纤的质量及ç‰ÒŽ€§ï¼Œå¦‚纯度、抗拉强度、有效折ž®„率及衰减等亦存在重大媄响ã€?/span></p><p style="margin: 0px 8px 24px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; clear: both; min-height: 1em; caret-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.9); font-family: system-ui, -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, "Helvetica Neue", "PingFang SC", "Hiragino Sans GB", "Microsoft YaHei UI", "Microsoft YaHei", Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 17px; letter-spacing: 0.544px; text-align: justify; text-size-adjust: auto; line-height: 1.75em; box-sizing: border-box !important; overflow-wrap: break-word !important;"><span style="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; outline: 0px; max-width: 100%; box-sizing: border-box !important; word-wrap: break-word !important; font-size: 15px; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);">需要注意的是随着¿U‘技的进步和½C¾ä¼šçš„发展,以锗ä¸ÞZ»£è¡¨çš„“科技ž®é‡‘属”在各个领域的应用将会不断扩大,ž®¤å…¶æ˜¯åœ¨æ–°èƒ½æºã€æ–°ææ–™ã€æ–°ä¿¡æ¯½{‰æˆ˜ç•¥æ€§æ–°å…´äñ”业中åQŒé”—ž®†å‘挥重要作用。因此,全球寚w”—资源的需求将会持¾l­å¢žé•¿ï¼Œä½œäؓ全球主要供给方的我们åQŒæˆ–许能抓住˜q™æ¬¡æœÞZ¼šåQŒè®©åŠå¯¼ä½“材料国产化大幅提速!</span></p> </div> <div class="invest" id="vote" style="display: none"> </div> <div class="s4pg martop10"> <div class="pager"> </div> </div> <div class="sub4frht"> 本文å‡ø™‡ª2024-06-24出版的《电脑报ã€?024òq´ç¬¬25æœ?A.新闻周刊</br> (¾|‘ç«™¾~–辑åQšChengJY)</br> </br> </br> </div> </div> <div class="share"> <table> <tr> <td> <div class="bdsharebuttonbox"> <a href="#" class="bds_weixin" data-cmd="weixin" title="分äín到微ä¿? style="float: right; padding-left: 25px;"></a> 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